Essential Oils Direct Logo
UK AROMATHERAPY SUPPLIES
Essential Oils, Carrier Oils, Base Products, Bottles & Jars and much more.
ESTABLISHED 1993

Printer Friendly Tell a Friend

MSDS - Lemon - Citrus limonum - Essential Oil


LEMON ESSENTIAL OIL
SAFETY DATA SHEET (SDS)

01. IDENTIFICATION OF THE SUBSTANCE/PREPARATION & THE COMPANY/UNDERTAKING

1.1

Product Identifier 

Product Name 

Lemon Oil

Biological Definition

Citrus Limon Peel Oil is the volatile oil obtained by cold compression of the fresh peel of the Lemon, Citrus limon (L.), Rutaceae. 

INCI Name

Citrus Limon Peel Oil

Synonyms & Trade Names

-

CAS-No

8008-56-8 / 84929-31-7

EC No.

- / 284-515-8

EINECS No.

- / 284-515-8

1.2

Relative identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against

 

Flavours, Fragrances: Use in accordance with good manufacturing and industrial hygiene practices. Not for personal use in this concentration.

1.3

Details of the supplier of the safety data sheet 

 

Essential Oils Direct Ltd  13 Parkside Industrial Estate,  Royton, Oldham OL2 6DS - Reg No 04199912 

1.4 

Emergency Tel. No.  

+ 44 (0) 161 633 3952









02. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

2.1

Classification of the substance or mixture 

 

The full text for all hazard statements are displayed in Section 16.

Classification (EC 1272/2008)

 

Flammable Liquid, Hazard Category 3.  H226

Skin Corrosion / Irritation Category 2. H315

Sensitization - Skin Category 1.  H317

Aspiration Hazard Category 1. H304

Hazardous to the Aquatic Environment - Acute Hazard Category 1. H410

2.2 

Label Elements 

Label in accordance with (EC) No 1272/2008   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

      GHS02GHS07          GHS08  GHS09

  flamme     C:\SharedDrive\Callum\Images & Logo\download.png  

 

Signal Word

Danger.

Contains

Limonene, pinenes,  Citral, myrcene

Hazard Statements

 

H226, Flammable liquid and vapour.

H304, May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways.

H315, Causes skin irritation.

H317, May cause an allergic skin reaction.

H410, Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

Precautionary Statements

 

P210, Keep away from heat, sparks, open flames and hot surfaces. - No smoking.

P241, Use explosion-proof electrical, ventilating and lighting equipment.

P262, Do not get in eyes, on skin or on clothing.

P273, Avoid release to the environment.

P280, Wear protective gloves/eye protection/face protection.

P301/310, IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

P303/361/353, IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower.

P331, Do not induce vomiting.

Supplementary Precautionary Statements

 

P405, Store locked up.

P501, Dispose of contents/container to approved disposal site, in accordance with local regulations.

2.3

Other Hazards 

PBT or vPvB according to Annex XIII

No additional data available.

Adverse physio-chemical properties

No additional data available.

Adverse effects on human health

With the presence of furocoumarins, the product may have phototoxic effects (Skin).





03. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

3.2

Mixtures

 

~ 66.0% Limonene CAS-No: 5989-27-5; EC No.: 227-813-5

 

Classification (EC 1272/2008) Flam. Liq. 3 - H226, Skin Irrit. 2 - H315, Skin Sens. 1 - H317, Asp. Tox. 1 - H304,  Aquatic Acute 1 - H400,  Aquatic Chronic 1 - H410

 

 

~ 13.0% β-Pinene  CAS No: 127-91-3 ; EC No: 20-872-5

 

Classification (EC 1272/2008) Flam. Liq. 3 - H226, Asp. Tox. 1 - H304, Skin Irrit. 2 - H315, Skin Sens. 1 - H317

 

 

~ 9.0% γ-Terpinene (p-mentha-1,4-diene) CAS No99-85-4 ; EC No: 202-794-6

 

Classification (EC 1272/2008) Flam. Liq. 3 – H226, Asp Tox. 1 –H304;

 

 

~ 3.0% Citral  CAS No: 5392-40-5 ; EC No: 226-394-6

 

Classification (EC 1272/2008) Skin Irrit. 2 - H315, Eye Irrit. 2 - H319, Skin Sens. 1 - H317

 

 

~ 2.5% α-Pinene  CAS No: 80-56-8 ; EC No: 201-291-9

 

Classification (EC 1272/2008) Flam. Liq. 3, H226; Asp. Tox. 1, H304; Skin Sens.1, H317; Aquatic Acute 1, Aquatic Chronic 1, H410

 

 

~ 1.5% Sabinene  CAS No: 3387-41-5 ; EC No: 222-212-4

 

Classification (EC 1272/2008) Flammable Liq. Cat 3, H226

 

 

 

~ 1.5% Myrcene CAS No: 123-35-3 ; EC No: 204-622-5

 

Classification (EC 1272/2008) Flam. Liq. 3 - H226, Asp. Tox. 1 - H304, Aquatic Chronic 3 - H412

 

04. FIRST AID MEASURES

4.1

Description of first aid measures

Inhalation 

Remove from exposure area to fresh air. Obtain medical advice immediately.

Ingestion

Wash mouth out with water and obtain medical advice immediately. DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING!

Skin Contact 

Remove contaminated clothing. Wash thoroughly with soap and water. Seek medical advice if irritation persists or there is any sign of tissue damage.

Eye Contact   

Flush with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Remove contact lenses. Seek medical advice.

4.2

Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed

 

Symptoms

Inhalation: can cause slight headache.

Contact: can cause bloodshot eyes. Can cause slight skin rash.

4.3

Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed

 

Immediate medical assistance: see Section 4.1 for further information.

Immediate special treatment: see Section 4.1 for further information.

First aid specific means: eye wash fountains / safety shower should be available in the work area.




05. FIRE-FIGHTING MEASURES

5.1 

Extinguishing Media

 

Suitable extinguishing media:

Small fire: CO2, Dry powder, Foam. Spray to base of flames.

Large Fire:  use water spray or fog. Cool containers with a water jet to prevent pressure build up, auto-ignition or explosion.

Unsuitable extinguishing media: pressurised water jet.

5.2 

Special hazards arising from the product

 

Vapours may form an explosive mixture with air. In case of fire, Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, smoke and soot may be liberated.

5.3 

Advice for firefighters

 

Standard procedure for chemical fires. Spray extinguishing media to base of flames. Wear protective clothing. Avoid inhalation of vapours. Wear suitable respiratory equipment, if insufficient ventilation. Closed containers may build up pressure when exposed to heat and should be cooled with water spray.

06. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

6.1 

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

 

In an emergency (i.e. un-intentional release of the substance exceeding the DNEL) respiratory protection (gas filter A colour code brown) must be worn. Consider the maximum duration for wear. Use insulating device for respiratory protection with an independent air supply if:-

a) the concentration is above the usage for filter devices,

b) for oxygen concentrations below 17% volume,

c) in circumstances unclear.

Use adequate protection. E.g. solvent resistant security shoes, body suit, gloves and protective goggles. (see point 8).

Remove any ignition source and ensure adequate ventilation in working areas following accidental release.

6.2 

Environmental Precautions

 

Do not discharge into drains, water courses or onto the ground. Keep away from surface and ground water.

6.3 

Methods and material for containment and cleaning up.

 

Remove ignition sources. Ensure adequate ventilation. Absorb with inert, non-combustible, inorganic absorbent material, sweep up and remove to an approved disposal container. Dispose of according to current local authority guidelines.

6.4 

Reference to other sections

 

See sections 4, 8 and 13.

07. HANDLING AND STORAGE

7.1 

Precautions for safe handling

 

Apply good manufacturing practice & industrial hygiene practices, ensuring proper workplace ventilation. Keep original container closed. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Observe good personal hygiene, and do not eat, drink or smoke whilst handling.
Keep away from heat, sparks and open flame. Avoid exposing to high temperatures during processing. 

7.2 

Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

 

To be stored in stainless steel drums, preferably under an inert atmosphere (e.g. nitrogen) with minimum head space protected from daylight. *NB* the container used during transportation must be considered as only a temporary container and it must not be considered in any case adequate for medium or long tem warehousing. Store in a dry, aerated place (between 5 – 20°C) away from heat and ignition sources.

7.3 

Specific end use(s) 

 

Flavours, Fragrances: Use in accordance with good manufacturing and industrial hygiene practices.

08. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION

8.1 

Control parameters 

 

No additional data available.  

8.2 

Exposure controls 

Protective Equipment

 

 

Process Conditions 

Provide eyewash station.

Engineering Measures

Provide adequate ventilation Avoid static discharges in working area.

Respiratory Equipment

Avoid breathing vapours. Respiratory equipment should not be necessary with adequate ventilation.

Hand Protection

Avoid all skin contact. Wear chemical resistant gloves (PVC) tested to EN374.

Eye Protection

Avoid contact with eyes. Wear approved safety goggles with built in frame tested to EN166.

Other Protection

No additional data available.  

Hygiene Measures

Good personal hygiene practices are always advisable, especially when working with chemicals / oils. Keep away from foodstuffs, beverages and feed.

Personal Protection 

Avoid inhalation and contact with skin and eyes.

Skin Protection 

Wear apron or protective clothing in case of splashes.

Environmental Exposure Controls 

Avoid discharging into drainage water. Only eliminate by authorised companies.

 

 





09. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

9.1 

Information on basic physical and chemical properties 

Appearance

Liquid, yellow to light greenish.  

Colour

Yellow to light greenish.  

Odour

Characteristic – citrus, lemon.

Relative Density

0.846 – 0.856 @ 20°C

Flash Point (°C)

~ 49.0

Refractive Index

1.472 to 1.478 @ 20°C

Melting Point (°C)

No additional data available.

Boiling Point (°C)

~ 170°C ± 10°C @ 1026hPa

Vapour Pressure

186.4 Pa @25°C

Solubility in Water @20°C

Insoluble in water. Soluble in alcohol and other oils.

Auto-ignition temperature (°C)

~ 235.0

9.2 

Other information 

 

No additional data available.




10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

10.1 

Reactivity

 

Presents no significant reactivity hazards, by itself or in contact with water. Stable under normal temperature and storage conditions and recommended use.

10.2 

Chemical stability

 

Stable under normal temperature and storage conditions and recommended use.

10.3 

Possible hazardous reactions

 

Not expected under normal temperature conditions and recommended use.

10.4 

Conditions to Avoid

 

Avoid heat, sparks and open flames.

10.5 

Incompatible materials

 

Avoid contact with strong acids, alkalis and oxidising agents.

10.6 

Hazardous Decomposition Products

 

Not expected under normal temperature conditions and recommended use. In case of combustion; CO2 and CO may be released.




11. TOXOLOGICAL INFORMATION

11.1 

Information on toxicological effects 

 

Acute Toxicity

LD50: 5000mg/kg bw (oral: rat)

LD50: 10000 mg/kg bw (Dermal: rabbit) (source CSR)

 

Skin corrosion / irritation

Causes skin irritation (H315).

 

Serious eye damage / irritation

Not classified as irritating to the eye (source CSR)

 

Respiratory or skin sensitisation

May cause an allergic skin reaction (H317).

 

Germ Cell Mutagenicity

Negative. (Source CSR).

 

Carcinogenicity

Not tested (source CSR).

 

Reproductive toxicity

No additional data available.

 

STOT-single exposure

No additional data available.

 

STOT-repeated exposure

No additional data available.

 

Aspiration hazard

May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways (H304).

 

Photo-toxicity

No additional data available.

 

Other Information

No additional data available.





12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

12.1 

Toxicity

 

Marine pollutant.

Aquatic life: H410; Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

Algae/aquatic plants: EC50/LC50 for freshwater algae: 0.523 mg/l (source CSR).

Fish: LC50 for freshwater fish: 0.341 mg/l (Source CSR).

Aquatic invertebrates:EC50/LC50 for fresh water invertebrates; 0.313 mg/l (source CSR).

PNECs:water: Aqua (freshwater):5.4 µg/l

Aqua (marine water):0.54 µg/l

Aqua (intermittent release):577 µg/l

Sediment (freshwater):1.3 mg/kg sediment dw

Sediment (marine water):0.13 mg/kg sediment dw

Sewage treatment  plant:2.1 mg/l

Soil:0.261 mg/kg soil dw

Oral:13.3 mg/kg

(Source CSR).

12.2 

Persistence & degradability

 

To be considered as readily biodegradable based on its ready biodegradability. Oil does not fulfil the criteria for persistence. 

12.3 

Bioaccumulation Potential

 

H410 very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

12.4 

Mobility in soil

 

Considered as a readily biodegradable NCS. Based on the ready biodegradability of the NCS, simulation tests in surface water, sediment and soil are not required in accordance with column2 of REACH Annex IX.  

12.5 

Results of PBT and vPvB Assessment

 

This substance does not meet the PBT/vPvB criteria of REACH, annex XIII.

12.6 

Other adverse effects

 

Do not discharge into the environment especially not into waterways, sewers and the sea.




13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

13.1 

Waste treatment  methods

 

Do not release into the environment. Collect waste into suitable containers and contact hazardous chemical disposal company. Containers must be completely empty before disposal.




14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION

14.1 

UN number

 

UN No. Road

UN 1169

 

UN No. SEA

UN 1169

 

UN No. AIR

UN 1169

14.2 

UN proper shipping name

 

Extracts, Aromatic, Liquid.

14.3 

Transport hazard class(es)

 

ADR/RID/ADN Class:3 Flammable Liquid. 

IMDG Class:3 Flammable Liquid.

ICAO Class/Division:3 Flammable Liquid.

 

Transport Labels

File:HAZMAT Class 3 Flammable Liquids.png

14.4 

Packing group

 

ADR/RID/ADN Packing group III

IMDG Packing group III

ICAO Packing group III

14.5 

Environmental hazards

 

Environmentally Hazardous Substance/Marine Pollutant.

 

C:\Users\t\Desktop\icons\dang to env.jpg

14.6 

Special precautions for user

 

Tariff code: 3301131000.  This product contains flammables and dangerous for the environment. In case on pouring out, make sure label new packaging accordingly. Reproducing original label with relevant symbols.

 

14.7 

Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL73/78 and the IBC code

 

No additional data available.

 





15. REGULATORY INFORMATION

15.1 

Safety, health and environmental regulations/legislation specific for the substance or mixture

 

Statutory Instruments

The Chemicals (Hazard Information and Packaging for Supply) Regulations 2009 (S.I 2009 No. 716).

Guidance Notes

Workplace Exposure Limits EH40. CHIP for everyone HSG(108).

EU Legislation

Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006 concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH), establishing a European Chemicals Agency, amending Directive 1999/45/EC and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 793/93 and Commission Regulation (EC) No 1488/94 as well as Council Directive 76/769/EEC and Commission Directives 91/155/EEC, 93/67/EEC, 93/105/EC and 2000/21/EC, including amendments.

15.2 

Chemical safety assessment

 

No additional information available.




16. OTHER INFORMATION

Hazard and/or Precautionary Statements in Full

H226, Flammable liquid and vapour.

H304, May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways.

H315, Causes skin irritation.

H317, May cause an allergic skin reaction.

H410, Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

Other Information

Complies with REACH guidance for SDS as circulated by ECHA 2011.

Revision Date

14/06/2016

Reason for revision

Updated to new SDS format 

Rev No/Repl, SDS Generated

02 replaces version 01

DISCLAIMER: This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, to the best of the company's knowledge and belief, accurate and reliable as of the date indicated. However, no warranty guarantee or representation is made to its accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the user's responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability of such information for his own particular use.

Keywords: Essential Oil, MSDS, Aromatherapy, Lemon, Citrus limonum