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MSDS - Tea Tree - Melaleuca alternifolia - Essential Oil


TEA TREE ESSENTIAL OIL
SAFETY DATA SHEET (SDS)

01. IDENTIFICATION OF THE SUBSTANCE/PREPARATION & THE COMPANY/UNDERTAKING

1.1

Product Identifier 

Product Name 

Tea Tree Oil    

Biological Definition

Melaleuca Alternifolia Leaf Oil is the oil distilled from the leaves of the Tea Tree, Melaleuca alternifolia, Myrtaceae.

INCI Name

Melaleuca Alternifolia Leaf Oil

Synonyms & Trade Names

-

CAS-No

85085-48-9 / 8022-72-8 / 68647-73-4

EC No.

285-377-1

EINECS No.

285-377-1

1.2

Relative identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against

 

No additional data available.

1.3

Details of the supplier of the safety data sheet 

 

Essential Oils Direct Ltd  13 Parkside Industrial Estate,  Royton, Oldham OL2 6DS - Reg No 04199912 

1.4 

Emergency Tel. No.  

+ 44 (0) 161 633 3952

02. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

2.1

Classification of the substance or mixture 

 

The full text for all hazard statements is displayed in Section 16.

 

Classification (EC 1272/2008)

 

Physical and Chemical Hazards: Flam. Liq. 3 - H226

 

Human health:Acute Tox. 4 - H302.

Skin Irrit. 2 - H315.

Eye Irrit. 2 - H319.

Skin Sens. 1 -H317.

Asp. Tox. 1 - H304.

 

Environment: Aquatic Acute 2 - H401.

Aquatic Chronic 2 - H411.

 

2.2 

Label Elements 

Label in accordance with (EC) No 1272/2008   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    GHS02          GHS07            GHS08 GHS09

Flammable   http://www.hse.gov.uk/chemical-classification/images/pictogram-gallery/irritant.gif      Environmentally damaging

 

Signal Word

Danger.

Contains

Alpha pinene natural,   a-terpinene,   Beta Pinene,   g-Terpinene,

Limonene,   terpinen-4-ol

Hazard Statements

 

H226 Flammable liquid and vapour.

H302 Harmful if swallowed.

H304 May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways.

H315 Causes skin irritation.

H317 May cause an allergic skin reaction.

H319 Causes serious eye irritation.

H401 Toxic to aquatic life.

H411 Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

Precautionary Statements

 

P273 Avoid release to the environment.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P262 Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing.

P301+310 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

P305+351+338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

P331 Do NOT induce vomiting.

P391 Collect spillage.

Supplementary Precautionary Statements

 

P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking.

P233 Keep container tightly closed.

P240 Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.

P241 Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/…/equipment.

P242 Use only non-sparking tools.

P243 Take precautionary measures against static discharge.

P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P264 Wash … thoroughly after handling.

P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

P272 Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.

P301+312 IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.

P302+352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water.

P303+361+353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower.

P313 Get medical advice/attention.

P321 Specific treatment (see … on this label).

P330 Rinse mouth.

P332+313 If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

P333+313 If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

P337 If eye irritation persists:

P362 Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.

P363 Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.

P370+378 In case of fire: Use … for extinction.

P403+235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

P405 Store locked up.

P501 Dispose of contents/container to …

2.3

Other Hazards 

PBT or vPvB according to Annex XIII

Not additional data available.

Adverse physio-chemical properties

Not additional data available.

Adverse effects on human health

Not additional data available.

03. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

3.2

Mixtures

 

1.0 – 5.0% Alpha Pinene Natural CAS-No: 80-56-8EC No: 201-291-9

 

Classification (EC 1272/2008)Flam. Liq. 3 - H226,    Skin Irrit. 2 - H315,    Skin Sens. 1 - H317, Asp. Tox. 1 - H304

 

 

1.0 – 5.0% α-Terpineol (p-menth-1-en-8-ol)CAS-No: 98-55-5EC No: 202-680-6

 

Classification (EC 1272/2008)Skin Irrit. 2 - H315,   Eye Irrit. 2 - H319

 

 

1.0 – 5.0% Beta-Pinene CAS-No: 127-91-3EC No:  204-872-5

 

Classification (EC 1272/2008)Flam. Liq. 3 - H226,   Skin Irrit. 2 - H315,   Skin Sens. 1 - H317, Asp. Tox. 1 - H304

 

 

10.0 – 30.0% γ-Terpinene CAS-No: 99-85-4EC No:  202-794-6

 

Classification (EC 1272/2008)Flam. Liq. 3 - H226,   Asp. Tox. 1 - H304

 

 

10.0 – 30.0% α-Terpinene CAS-No: 99-86-5EC No:  202-795-1

 

Classification (EC 1272/2008)Flam. Liq. 3 - H226,   Acute Tox. 4 - H302,   Asp. Tox. 1 - H304, Aquatic Chronic 2 - H411

 

 

1.0 - 5.0% d-Limonene CAS-No: 5989-27-5EC No: 227-813-5

 

Classification (EC 1272/2008)Flam. Liq. 3 - H226,   Skin Irrit. 2 - H315,   Skin Sens. 1 - H317, Asp. Tox. 1 - H304,   Aquatic Acute 1 - H400,   Aquatic Chronic 1 - H410

 

 

5.0 – 10.0% p-Cymene CAS-No: 99-87-6EC No: 202-796-7

 

Classification (EC 1272/2008)Flam. Liq. 3 - H226,   Skin Irrit. 2 - H315,   Skin Sens. 1 - H317, Asp. Tox. 1 - H304,   Aquatic Acute 1 - H400,   Aquatic Chronic 1 - H410

 

 

30.0 – 60.0% Terpin-4-ol CAS-No: 562-74-3EC No: 209-235-5

 

Classification (EC 1272/2008)Acute Tox. 4 - H302,   Skin Irrit. 2 - H315,   Eye Irrit. 2 - H319, Aquatic Acute 3 - H402

 

 

1.0 – 5.0% Terpinolene CAS-No: 586-62-9EC No: 209-57-0

 

Classification (EC 1272/2008)Flam. Liq. 3 - H226,   Asp. Tox. 1 - H304,   Aquatic Chronic 2 - H411

 

04. FIRST AID MEASURES

4.1

Description of first aid measures

Inhalation 

Move the exposed person to fresh air. Seek medical attention if any discomfort continues.

 Ingestion

Immediately rinse mouth and provide fresh air. Get medical attention if any discomfort continues.

Skin Contact 

Remove contaminated clothing immediately and wash skin with soap and water. Get medical attention if any discomfort continues.

Eye Contact   

Remove victim immediately from source of exposure. Immediately flush with plenty of water for up to 15 minutes. Remove any contact lenses and open eyes wide apart. Get medical attention if any discomfort continues.

 

4.2

Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed

 

No additional data available.

4.3

Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed

 

No additional data available.

05. FIRE-FIGHTING MEASURES

5.1 

Extinguishing Media

 

Use as appropriate: Carbon Dioxide (CO2), dry chemical. Do not use a direct stream of water to extinguish.

5.2 

Special hazards arising from the product

 

When heated to decomposition, it emits acrid smoke as well as carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide.

5.3 

Advice for firefighters

 

According to the size of the fire, it may be necessary to use protective suits against the heat, individual breathing equipment, gloves, protective goggles or facemasks.

06. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

6.1 

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

 

Wear protective clothing as described in Section 8 of this safety data sheet.

6.2 

Environmental Precautions

 

Do not discharge into drains, water courses or onto the ground. In case of large spills or if the product contaminates lakes, rivers, or sewers, inform the responsible authorities according to local and national legislation.

6.3 

Methods and material for containment and cleaning up.

 

Absorb with inert, non-combustible, inorganic absorbent material, sweep up and remove to an approved disposal container. Extinguish all ignition sources. Avoid sparks, flames, heat and smoking. The contaminated area should be immediately cleaned with an appropriate de-contaminator Pour the de-contaminator on the remains in an opened container and let it act for a few days until no further reaction is produced.

6.4 

Reference to other sections

 

See sections 7, 8, 13.

07. HANDLING AND STORAGE

7.1 

Precautions for safe handling

 

Avoid spilling, skin and eye contact.

7.2 

Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

 

Keep away from heat, sparks and open flame. Store in tightly closed original container in a dry, cool and well-ventilated place.

7.3 

Specific end use(s) 

 

No additional data available.

08. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION

8.1 

Control parameters 

 

p-Cymene (CAS: 99-87-6)Contains no substances with occupational exposure limit values.

 

 

 

 

8.2 

Exposure controls 

Protective Equipment

 

       

Process Conditions 

Use personal protective equipment that is clean and has been properly maintained.

Store personal protective equipment in a clean place, away from the work area.

Never eat, drink or smoke during use. Remove and wash contaminated clothing before re-using. Ensure that there is adequate ventilation.

Engineering Measures

Provide adequate general and local exhaust ventilation.

Respiratory Equipment

If ventilation is insufficient, suitable respiratory protection must be provided.

Hand Protection

Protective gloves must be used if there is a risk of direct contact or splash.

Eye Protection

Wear splash-proof eye goggles to prevent any possibility of eye contact.

Other Protection

Provide eyewash station.

Hygiene Measures

Good personal hygiene practices are always advisable, especially when working with chemicals / oils.

Personal Protection 

Avoid inhalation and contact with skin and eyes. Do not eat or drink whilst in the work area.

Skin Protection 

Avoid skin contact. Wear suitable protective clothing..

Environmental Exposure Controls 

Do not allow to enter waterways.

 

09. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

9.1 

Information on basic physical and chemical properties 

Appearance

Mobile liquid, colourless to pale  yellow.

Colour

Colourless to pale yellow.

Odour

Characteristic – powerful, warm, spicy.

Relative Density

0.885  -  0.906  @ 20°C

Flash Point (°C)

57.0

Refractive Index

1.470  -  1.482   @ 20°C

Melting Point (°C)

No additional data available.

Boiling Point (°C)

97.0 – 220.0

Vapour Pressure

2100 Pa

Solubility in Water @20°C

Insoluble.

Auto-ignition temperature (°C)

252.0

9.2 

Other information 

 

No additional data available.

10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

10.1 

Reactivity

 

No additional data available.

10.2 

Chemical stability

 

This substance is stable under the recommended handling and storage.

10.3 

Possible hazardous reactions

 

No additional data available.

10.4 

Conditions to Avoid

 

Avoid heat, flames and other sources of ignition.

10.5 

Incompatible materials

 

Strong acids, alkali or oxidising agents.

10.6 

Hazardous Decomposition Products

 

Toxic gases/vapours/fumes of: Carbon monoxide (CO). Nitrogen.

11. TOXOLOGICAL INFORMATION

11.1 

Information on toxicological effects 

 

Acute Toxicity

Toxic Dose 1 - LD 501.9 (1.4 - 2.7) mg/kg (oral rat)

Toxic Dose 2 - LD 501.9 - 2.6 g/kg13 mg/kg (oral rat)

 

Skin corrosion / irritation

May be harmful if absorbed through the skin. May be harmful if swallowed. 

 

Serious eye damage / irritation

May cause eye irritation.

 

Respiratory or skin sensitisation

Potential irritant.

 

Germ Cell Mutagenicity

No additional data available.

 

Carcinogenicity

No additional data available.

 

Reproductive toxicity

No additional data available.

 

STOT-single exposure

No additional data available.

 

STOT-repeated exposure

No additional data available.

 

Aspiration hazard

No additional data available.

 

Photo-toxicity

No additional data available.

 

Other Information

No additional data available.

12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

12.1 

Toxicity

 

Not acutely toxic to fish (LC50>100mg/l OECD 203).

12.2 

Persistence & degradability

 

The product is not readily biodegradable.

12.3 

Bioaccumulation Potential

 

Partition coefficient 3.4 - 5.5

12.4 

Mobility in soil

 

Mobility:Log10Koc = 2.3-5.0

12.5 

Results of PBT and vPvB Assessment

 

No additional data available.

12.6 

Other adverse effects

 

Do not allow product to enter streams, sewers or other waterways.

13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

13.1 

Waste treatment  methods

 

Dispose of in compliance with all local and national regulations.

14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION

14.1 

UN number

 

UN No. Road

UN 1169

 

UN No. SEA

UN 1169

 

UN No. AIR

UN 1169

14.2 

UN proper shipping name

 

UN1169    EXTRACTS, AROMATIC, LIQUID (TEA TREE)

14.3 

Transport hazard class(es)

 

ADR/RID/ADN Class:  3: Flammable Liquid

IMDG Class:3

ICAO Class/Division:3

 

Transport Labels

 

 

14.4 

Packing group

 

ADR/RID/ADN Packing group III

IMDG Packing group III

ICAO Packing group III

14.5 

Environmental hazards

 

Environmentally Hazardous Substance/Marine Pollutant

 

 

 

 

14.6 

Special precautions for user

 

EMS:F-E, S-D

Emergency Action Code:3YE

Hazard No (ADR):30 Flammable liquid (flash-point between 23°C and 60°C, inclusive) or flammable                             liquid or solid in the molten state with a flash-point above 60°C, heated to a                                                         temperature equal to or above its flash-point, or self heating liquid.

Tunnel Restriction Code:(D/E)

14.7 

Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL73/78 and the IBC code

 

No additional data available.

15. REGULATORY INFORMATION

15.1 

Safety, health and environmental regulations/legislation specific for the substance or mixture

 

Statutory Instruments

The Chemicals (Hazard Information and Packaging for Supply) Regulations 2009 (S.I 2009 No. 716).

Guidance Notes

Workplace Exposure Limits EH40. CHIP for everyone HSG(108).

EU Legislation

Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006 concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH), establishing a European Chemicals Agency, amending Directive 1999/45/EC and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 793/93 and Commission Regulation (EC) No 1488/94 as well as Council Directive 76/769/EEC and Commission Directives 91/155/EEC, 93/67/EEC, 93/105/EC and 2000/21/EC, including amendments.

 

15.2 

Chemical safety assessment

 

No additional information available.

16. OTHER INFORMATION

Hazard and/or Precautionary Statements in Full

H319 Causes serious eye irritation.

H315 Causes skin irritation.

H226 Flammable liquid and vapour.

H302 Harmful if swallowed.

H402 Harmful to aquatic life.

H304 May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways.

H317 May cause an allergic skin reaction.

H411 Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

H401 Toxic to aquatic life.

H410 Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

H400 Very toxic to aquatic life.

Other Information

No additional data available

Revision Date

20/07/2016

Reason for revision

New SDS

Rev No/Repl, SDS Generated

01

DISCLAIMER: This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, to the best of the company's knowledge and belief, accurate and reliable as of the date indicated. However, no warranty guarantee or representation is made to its accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the user's responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability of such information for his own particular use.

Keywords: Essential Oil, MSDS, Aromatherapy, Tea Tree, Melaleuca alternifolia