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ESTABLISHED 1993

MSDS - Palmarosa - Cymbopogon martinii - Essential Oil


PALMA ROSA ESSENTIAL OIL
SAFETY DATA SHEET (SDS)

01. IDENTIFICATION OF THE SUBSTANCE/PREPARATION & THE COMPANY/UNDERTAKING

1.1

Product Identifier 

Product Name 

Palmarosa Oil.

Biological Definition

Cymbopogon Martini Oil is the volatile oil expressed from the herb palmarosa, Cymbopogon martini, Gramineae.

INCI Name

Cymbopogon Martini Oil

Synonyms & Trade Names

-

CAS-No

84649-81-0

EC No.

283-461-2

EINECS No.

283-461-2

1.2

Relative identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against

 

No additional data available.

1.3

Details of the supplier of the safety data sheet 

 

Essential Oils Direct Ltd  13 Parkside Industrial Estate,  Royton, Oldham OL2 6DS - Reg No 04199912 

1.4 

Emergency Tel. No.  

+ 44 (0) 161 633 3952

02. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

2.1

Classification of the substance or mixture 

 

The full text for all hazard statements are displayed in section 16.

Classification (EC 1272/2008)

 

Skin Irrit 2 – H315

Skin Sens. 1 – H317

Eye Dam. 1 - H318

Aquatic Chronic 3 – H412

2.2 

Label Elements 

Label in accordance with (EC) No 1272/2008   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

         GHS07            GHS05

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Signal Word

Danger.

Contains

Citral, Geraniol, Geranyl Acetate, Limonene, Linalool

Hazard Statements

 

H315 Causes skin irritation.

H317 May cause an allergic skin reaction.

H318 Causes serious eye damage.

H412 Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

Precautionary Statements

 

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P262 Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing.

P305+351+338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P264 Wash … thoroughly after handling.

P272 Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.

P273 Avoid release to the environment.

P302+352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water.

P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

P321 Specific treatment (see … on this label).

P333+313 If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

P362 Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.

P363 Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.

P501 Dispose of contents/container to …

Supplementary Precautionary Statements

 

None.

2.3

Other Hazards 

PBT or vPvB according to Annex XIII

No additional data available.

Adverse physio-chemical properties

No additional data available.

Adverse effects on human health

No additional data available.

03. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

3.2

Mixtures

 

< 80.0% Geraniol   CAS-No.: 106-24-1 EC No.: 203-377-1

Classification (EC 1272/2008) Acute Tox. 5 - H303, Skin Irrit. 2 - H315, Eye Dam. 1 - H318, Skin Sens. 1 - H317

Aquatic Acute 2 - H401

 

 

< 15.0% Geranyl Acetate  CAS-No.: 105-87-3 EC No.: 203-341-5

Classification (EC 1272/2008) Aquatic Chronic 2 - H411

 

 

< 4.0% Linalool  CAS-No.: 78-70-6 EC No.: 201-134-4

Classification (EC 1272/2008) Acute Tox. 5 - H303, Skin Irrit. 2 - H315, Aquatic Acute 3 - H402

 

 

< 3.0% Beta Caryophyllene CAS-No.: 87-44-5 EC No.: 201-746-1

 

Classification (EC 1272/2008)Asp. Tox. 1 - H304

 

 

< 2.0% Citral  CAS-NO.: 5392-40-5, EC No.: 226-394-6

 

Classification (EC 1272/2008)  Skin Irrit. 2 – H315, Skin Sens. 1 – H317

 

 

< 1.0% Limonene CAS-No.: 5989-27-5 EC No.: 227-813-5

Classification (EC 1272/2008) Flam. Liq. 3 – H226, Skin Irrit 2 – H315 Asp Tox. 1 – H304, Skin Sens. 1 – H317 Aquatic Acute 1 – H400, Aquatic Chronic 1 – H410

 

 

< 1.0% Farnesol  CAS-No.: 4602-84-0, EC No.: 225-004-1

 

Classification (EC 1272/2008); Skin Irrit. 2 - H315, Eye Irrit. 2 - H319, Skin Sens. 1 - H317

 

04. FIRST AID MEASURES

4.1

Description of first aid measures

Inhalation 

Seek emergency medical advice immediately. Following inhalation exposure move individual to fresh air. Headache, rhinorrhea, cough shortness of breath, chest pains, bronchial spasm may develop after exposure and result in delayed effects.

 Ingestion

Ask immediately medical assistance - mouth washing with water and do not provoke vomiting.

Skin Contact 

Remove contaminated clothing and wash with water and soap the contaminated part – make sure you have eliminated the contamination - in case of complaints seek medical attention.

Eye Contact   

Abundant eye-wash for 15 minutes with pure water, make sure you have eliminated the contamination, in case of complaints seek medical attention.

4.2

Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed

 

Symptoms:

Inhalation: can cause slight headache, rhinorrhea, cough shortness of breath, chest pains, bronchial spasm

Eye contact: can cause bloodshot eyes

Skin contact: can cause slight skin rash.

Ingestion: Nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea can result from ingestion.

 

4.3

Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed

 

Inhalation: Monitor for signs of respiratory distress.

Eye contact: Monitor for irritation, pain or swelling.

Skin contact: Monitor signs of skin sensitisation.

Ingestion: Monitor signs of aspiration particularly following loss of consciousness.

05. FIRE-FIGHTING MEASURES

5.1 

Extinguishing Media

 

Suitable extinguishing media: SMALL FIRE: use CO2, foam, dry powder - LARGE FIRE: use water spray or fog - cool containing vessels with water jet in order to prevent pressure build-up, auto-ignition or explosion.

Unsuitable extinguishing media: pressurized water jet.

5.2 

Special hazards arising from the product

 

Vapours may form explosive mixture with air - in case of fire, the following can be released: carbon monoxide (CO),carbon dioxide (CO2), smoke, soot.

5.3 

Advice for firefighters

 

Standard procedure for chemical fires - spray extinguishing media to base of flames - use adequate protections for respiratory apparatus, avoid vapour inhalation.

06. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

6.1 

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

 

Wear protective clothing as described in Section 8 of this safety data sheet. If outside do not approach from downwind. If outside keep by standers upwind and away from danger point. Mark out the contaminated area with signs and prevent access to unauthorised personnel.

Turn leaking containers leak side up to prevent the escape of liquid.

6.2 

Environmental Precautions

 

Do not discharge into drains, water courses or onto the ground. Contain spillages with sand, earth or any suitable adsorbent material.

6.3 

Methods and material for containment and cleaning up.

 

Soak up spillage with sand or other inert absorbent material such as earth or vemiculite, transfer used material to a suitable waste container and dispose on accordance with regulations for the appropriate methods of waste treatment.

6.4 

Reference to other sections

 

See section 7, 8 and 13.

07. HANDLING AND STORAGE

7.1 

Precautions for safe handling

 

Safe handling: during handling keep original container closed - avoid contact with skin and eyes – wear adequate protective gloves and eye/face protection - avoid any sources of ignition – avoid exposing to high temperature during processing - maintain adequate local and general ventilation where product is handled.

 

Hygiene at work: do not ingest or apply to the skin as such - no smoking - remove contaminated clothing – good personal washing routines should be followed - if at risk of contamination, foods, beverages and other articles of consumption must not be stored or consumed at the work areas.

7.2 

Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

 

Container: to be stored in stainless steel drums, preferably under inert atmosphere (nitrogen), protected from day-light take note: the container used during transportation must be considered only as a temporary container and it must not be considered in any case adequate for medium or long term warehousing.

 

Conditions: stored in a dry, aerated place, away from any heat source and ignition source.

 

Temperature: from 5°C and 30°C.

7.3 

Specific end use(s) 

 

Use as odour agent / flavouring agent - the information of this section are not related to the use of the product in combination with any other material or any other process altering its characteristics.

08. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION

8.1 

Control parameters 

 

OEL (Oil Mist) 5mg/m3 8hr TWA (EH40/2005).

8.2 

Exposure controls 

Protective Equipment

 

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Process Conditions 

Provide eyewash station.

Engineering Measures

Design work processes and engineering controls to minimise aerosol / mist formation, release of liquid and vapour.

Where appropriate provide adequate ventilation suitably protected to minimise release to the environment to ensure a safe working atmosphere consistent with the OEL’s in section 8.1 above.

Respiratory Equipment

Wear suitable respiratory protection to protect from vapours and oil mists.

Hand Protection

Suitable gloves tested to EN374 (should be checked regularly) - always use with clean, dry hands.

Eye Protection

Protective goggles with built-in-frame tested to EN166 (should be checked regularly).

Other Protection

Protective work clothing solvent resistant (should be checked regularly).

Hygiene Measures

Good personal hygiene practices are always advisable, especially when working with chemicals / oils.

Personal Protection 

Use personal protection according to Directive 89/686/EEC.

Skin Protection 

Wear apron or protective clothing in case of splashes.

Environmental Exposure Controls 

The usual precautions in handling chemicals have to be observed.

09. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

9.1 

Information on basic physical and chemical properties 

Appearance

Mobile liquid.

Colour

Light yellow to yellow brown.

Odour

Characteristic, grassy-floral.

Relative Density

0.879 – 0.892@ 20°C

Flash Point (°C)

64 - 100°C (94°C Typical)

Refractive Index

1.470 – 1.479 @ 20°C

Melting Point (°C)

No additional data available.

Boiling Point (°C)

215°C (lit.)

Vapour Pressure

No additional data available.

Solubility in Water @20°C

Insoluble in water.

Auto-ignition temperature (°C)

No additional data available.

9.2 

Other information 

 

No additional data available.

10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

10.1 

Reactivity

 

Substance not reactive with water - substance not reactive if used according to storage & handling conditions & identified uses (see subsection 1.2). Oxidation will result in production of peroxides and will increase sensitisation potential.

10.2 

Chemical stability

 

Substance stable if used according to storage & handling conditions & identified uses (see subsection 1.2). Susceptible to oxidation when exposed to atmospheric oxygen at all temperatures.

10.3 

Possible hazardous reactions

 

Oxidation, reduction and hydrolytic reactions likely to increase skin / eye / respiratory irritation / sensitisation. May react vigorously with oxidising agents.

10.4 

Conditions to Avoid

 

Conditions leading to thermal decomposition either by contact with strong oxidising or reducing substances or by combustion.

10.5 

Incompatible materials

 

Highly oxidizing agents.

10.6 

Hazardous Decomposition Products

 

Acrid smoke and irritating fumes released on combustion. In case of combustion: carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2).

11. TOXOLOGICAL INFORMATION

11.1 

Information on toxicological effects 

 

Acute Toxicity

LD50: oral rat >5000mg/kg

LD50 dermal rabbit >5000mg/kg

Ref : Food & Cosmetics Toxicology 12, 947 1874

 

Skin corrosion / irritation

Mean value of >2.3 0 <4.0 for erythema / eschar or for oedema in at least 2 of 3 tested animals from grading at 24, 48 and 72 hours after patch removal or, if reactions are delayed, from grades on 3 consecutive days after the onset of skin reactions.

 

Serious eye damage / irritation

Classified for this effect based on data available for geraniol.

 

Respiratory or skin sensitisation

Can lead to sensitisation by skin contact.

 

Germ Cell Mutagenicity

No additional data available.

 

Carcinogenicity

No additional data available.

 

Reproductive toxicity

No additional data available.

 

STOT-single exposure

No additional data available.

 

STOT-repeated exposure

No additional data available.

 

Aspiration hazard

Hydrocarbon content (monoterpenes) <10% w/w no aspiration hazard by definition.

 

Photo-toxicity

No additional data available.

 

Other Information

No additional data available.

12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

12.1 

Toxicity

 

Data not available for the complete essential oil.

Ecotoxicity for major components (86%)

 

Component               LC50(96Hr) Fish Mg/l           EC50(48Hr) Daphnia Mg/l            IC50(72Hr) Algae

Geraniol                     3.2                                           8.98                                                  N/A

d-Limonene               0.7                                           0.4                                                    N/A

Linalool                      27.8                                         59                                                      88.3

Farnesol                     1.4 – 2.2                                 1.9 – 2.5                                           N/A

 

12.2 

Persistence & degradability

 

Geraniol 53% of theoretical BOD moderate potential.

Linalool 90% of theoretical BOD high potential.

12.3 

Bioaccumulation Potential

 

No additional data available.

12.4 

Mobility in soil

 

Geraniol Koc 2060 expected to have low mobility.

Linalool Koc 76 expected to have high mobility.

Geranyl Acetate Koc 3700 expected to have slight mobility

12.5 

Results of PBT and vPvB Assessment

 

No additional data available.

12.6 

Other adverse effects

 

No additional data available.

13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

13.1 

Waste treatment  methods

 

The containers used for this product must completely empty before disposal. Dispose product and/or contaminated packaging in accordance with federal, state and local environmental control regulations - disposal through the waste water is illegal.

14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION

14.1 

UN number

 

UN No. Road

Not regulated.

 

UN No. SEA

Not regulated.

 

UN No. AIR

Not regulated.

14.2 

UN proper shipping name

 

None.

14.3 

Transport hazard class(es)

 

None.

14.4 

Packing group

 

None.

14.5 

Environmental hazards

 

None.

14.6 

Special precautions for user

 

Not applicable.

14.7 

Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL73/78 and the IBC code

 

None.

15. REGULATORY INFORMATION

15.1 

Safety, health and environmental regulations/legislation specific for the substance or mixture

 

Statutory Instruments

The Chemicals (Hazard Information and Packaging for Supply) Regulations 2009 (S.I 2009 No. 716).

 

Guidance Notes

Workplace Exposure Limits EH40. CHIP for everyone HSG(108).

 

EU Legislation

Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006 concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH), establishing a European Chemicals Agency, amending Directive 1999/45/EC and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 793/93 and Commission Regulation (EC) No 1488/94 as well as Council Directive 76/769/EEC and Commission Directives 91/155/EEC, 93/67/EEC, 93/105/EC and 2000/21/EC, including amendments.

15.2 

Chemical safety assessment

 

No additional information available.

16. OTHER INFORMATION

Hazard and/or Precautionary Statements in Full

H318 Causes serious eye damage.

H315 Causes skin irritation.

H226 Flammable liquid and vapour.

H302 Harmful if swallowed.

H303 May be harmful if swallowed.

H317 May cause an allergic skin reaction.

H351 Suspected of causing cancer.

H341 Suspected of causing genetic defects.

H411 Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

H401 Toxic to aquatic life.

H410 Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

H412 Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

Other Information

None.

Revision Date

26/02/2016

Reason for revision

New format and updated SDS.

Rev No/Repl, SDS Generated

02

DISCLAIMER: This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in combination with any other materials or in any process. Such information is, to the best of the company's knowledge and belief, accurate and reliable as of the date indicated. However, no warranty guarantee or representation is made to its accuracy, reliability or completeness. It is the user's responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitability of such information for his own particular use.

Keywords: Essential Oil, MSDS, Aromatherapy, Palmarosa, Cymbopogon martinii